Njira zopewera kupha ng'ombe ndi nkhosa m'masika

Monga ife tonse tikudziwa, pamene tiziromboti mazira sadzafa pamene iwo kudutsa m'nyengo yozizira.Kutentha kukakwera m'nyengo yamasika, ndi nthawi yabwino kuti mazira a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda akule.Choncho, kupewa ndi kulamulira tizilombo toyambitsa matenda mu kasupe makamaka zovuta.Panthaŵi imodzimodziyo, ng’ombe ndi nkhosa zimasoŵa chakudya m’nyengo yozizira ya udzu, ndipo tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timakulitsa kudya kwa zakudya m’ziŵeto, zimene zimachititsa kuti ng’ombe ndi nkhosa zisakhale ndi thanzi labwino, kulimbana ndi matenda, ndi kuchepa thupi. .

Njira zopewera matenda ndi njira zodzitetezera:

1. Kalemankhwala, fufuzani mkhalidwe wa thanzi la ng’ombe ndi nkhosa: Chongani ng’ombe ndi nkhosa zodwala kwambiri, imitsani mankhwala oletsa mphutsi ndi kudzipatula, ndi nyongolotsi zikachira.Kuchepetsa kupsinjika maganizo panthawi yochiza matenda ena a ng'ombe ndi nkhosa, ndikupewa kugwirizana pakati pa mankhwala osiyanasiyana.

2. Deworming ikuchitika cholinga ndi pertinently, kusiyanitsa mitundu yonse ya tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kuti deworm: pali tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ng'ombe, mwachitsanzo, Ascaris, Fasciola hepatica, tapeworm, nsabwe za ng'ombe, nkhupakupa, ng'ombe mphere nthata, bovine eperythropoiesis, etc. Ndikoyenera kuweruza mtundu wa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda molingana ndi zizindikiro zachipatala, kuti muwawononge mwachindunji.

3. Pa nthawi ya mphutsi, chimbudzicho chiyenera kukhala chokhazikika: mwa kusonkhanitsa kutentha, kuchotsa mazira a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, ndi kuchepetsa mwayi woyambitsanso zinyama.zotsatira za deworming m'mafamu ambiri si zabwino chifukwa ndowe si mochuluka ndi anaunjikana, kuchititsa matenda yachiwiri.

4. Panthawi ya mphutsi, musagwiritsire ntchito zida zotayira zimbudzi: Zida zopangira m'malo oswana ndi nyongolotsi sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito kumalo oswana opanda tizilombo, komanso sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito kumalo osungiramo chakudya.Pewani kuipitsidwa kwa mazira a parasite m'malo osiyanasiyana ndikuyambitsa matenda.

cattle

5. Ng'ombe ndi nkhosa sizimatetezedwa bwino ndipo jekeseni siili m'malo: jekeseni wa subcutaneous ndi jekeseni wa intramuscular amasokonezeka, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale vuto lowononga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.Chitetezo chokhazikika ndi ntchito yofunika kwambiri musanabayire mankhwala amadzimadzi mu nyama kuti tipewe kutayikira kwa singano, singano zotuluka magazi, ndi singano zosagwira ntchito.Kuti mukonze ndi kuteteza ng'ombe ndi nkhosa, muyenera kukonzekera zida zodziletsa monga zingwe zopangira zingwe ndi ma pliers pamphuno pasadakhale.Pambuyo kukonza osagwirizana ng'ombe ndi nkhosa, ndiye deworm iwo.Panthaŵi imodzimodziyo, tingakonzekere nsalu yakuda yosaoneka bwino yophimba maso ndi makutu a ng’ombe ndi nkhosa, kuti tichepetse khalidwe lopambanitsa la ng’ombe ndi nkhosa;

6. Sankhanimankhwala anthelminticmolondola ndi kudziwa katundu wa mankhwala: Kuti tikwaniritse zotsatira zabwino anthelmintic, yotakata sipekitiramu, mkulu-mwachangu ndi otsika poizoni mankhwala anthelmintic ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito.Dziwani bwino zamankhwala, kuchuluka kwa chitetezo, mlingo wocheperako wapoyizoni, mlingo wakupha ndi mankhwala enaake opulumutsa a anthelmintic omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

7. Ndi bwino kutulutsa nyongolotsi masana kapena madzulo: chifukwa ng'ombe zambiri ndi nkhosa zidzatulutsa mphutsi masana pa tsiku lachiwiri, zomwe zimakhala zosavuta kusonkhanitsa ndi kutaya zinyalala.

8. Musagwiritse ntchito mankhwala ophera njoka za m'mimba pa nthawi yodyetsera komanso ola limodzi mutadya: pewani kuwononga kadyedwe koyenera komanso kagayidwe ka ziweto;pambuyo kudyetsa, nyama adzakhala odzaza m'mimba, kuti kupewa mawotchi nkhawa ndi kuwonongeka chifukwa kukonza ng'ombe ndi nkhosa.

9. Njira yolakwika yoyendetsera:

Mankhwala omwe amayenera kubayidwa pansi pa khungu amabayidwa mu minofu kapena intradermally ndi zotsatira zoipa.Kwa ng'ombe, malo oyenerera a jekeseni a subcutaneous akhoza kusankhidwa mbali zonse za khosi;kwa nkhosa, malo ojambulirawo amatha kubayidwa mocheperapo mbali ya khosi, mphuno yam'mimba, kumbuyo kwa chigongono, kapena ntchafu yamkati.Pobaya, singano imakwezera m'mwamba, kuchokera pa khola pansi pa khola, pa madigiri 45 mpaka pakhungu, ndikuboola magawo awiri pa atatu a singano, ndipo kuya kwa singano kumasinthidwa moyenera malinga ndi kukula kwa singano. nyama.Pamene ntchitomankhwala anthelmintics, alimi azisakaniza mankhwala anthelmintic m’malo odyetserako chakudya, zomwe zimachititsa kuti nyama zina zizidya kwambiri ndipo zina zisamadye pang’ono, zomwe zimachititsa kuti mphutsi zisamawonongeke.

drug for cattle

10. Madzi akutuluka, ndi kulephera kupanga jekeseni mu nthawi yake: ichi ndi chinthu chofala chomwe chimakhudza zotsatira za deworming.Popereka jakisoni kwa nyama, m'pofunika kupanga jakisoni ndi kupanga mankhwala amadzimadzi pazochitika zilizonse monga kutaya magazi ndi madzi akuchucha, ndi zina zotero.

11. Khazikitsani pulogalamu yothira nyongolotsi ndi wowombeza pafupipafupi:

Kupanga pulogalamu ya deworming, ndikuchita deworming nthawi zonse malinga ndi ndondomeko anakhazikitsa deworming, ndi kusunga mbiri deworming, amene n'zosavuta kufunsa ndi facilitates kupewa ndi kulamulira tiziromboti;bwerezaninso mankhwala ophera nyongolotsi kuti muwonetsetse kuti mphutsi zakupha: Kuti muthe kuthetseratu mphutsi, Pambuyo pa masabata 1-2 a mphutsi, perekaninso mankhwala achiwiri, mankhwala ophera mphutsi ndi omveka bwino ndipo zotsatira zake zimakhala bwino.sheep

Magulu akuluakulu a nyongolotsi kawiri pachaka, ndikutenga njira zoperekera mphutsi mu kasupe.Deworming mu kugwa kumalepheretsa kutuluka kwa akuluakulu mu kugwa ndipo kumachepetsa kuphulika kwa mphutsi m'nyengo yozizira.Kwa madera omwe ali ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, mankhwala osokoneza bongo amatha kuwonjezeredwa kamodzi panthawiyi kuti apewe matenda a ectoparasitic m'nyengo yozizira ndi masika.

Young nyama zambiri deworm kwa nthawi yoyamba mu August-September chaka kuteteza yachibadwa kukula ndi chitukuko cha ana a nkhosa ndi ng'ombe.Kuonjezera apo, ana akhanda asanayamwidwe komanso atasiya kuyamwa amatha kutenga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda chifukwa cha kupsinjika maganizo.Chifukwa chake, chitetezo cha deworming chikufunika panthawiyi.

Kuchotsa mphutsi m'madamu omwe atsala pang'ono kubadwa amapewa dzira la helminth "postpartum elevation" pakadutsa masabata 4-8 pambuyo pobereka.M'madera omwe ali ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, madamu ayenera kuchotsedwa masabata 3-4 atabereka.

Kwa ng'ombe ndi nkhosa zogulidwa kunja, mankhwala osokoneza bongo amachitidwa kamodzi masiku 15 asanalowe m'gulu lamagulu osakanikirana, ndipo mankhwala ophera njoka zamphongo amachitidwa kamodzi asanasamutse kapena kutembenuza mabwalo.

deworming

12. Mukamapereka mankhwala ophera nyongolotsi, yesani kaye kagulu kakang'ono kayezetseni: ngati palibe vuto, yambitsani gulu lalikulu la mankhwala opha mphutsi.


Nthawi yotumiza: Mar-09-2022