Malo okoma othetsa nyongolotsi zotalikirapo

Kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ophera nyongolotsi otalikirapo kungapereke mapindu angapo ku ng'ombe-kupindula kwakukulu kwa tsiku ndi tsiku, kubereka bwino ndi kubereka kwafupipafupi kumatchula zochepa-koma sizili bwino muzochitika zilizonse.

Njira yoyenera yophera nyongolotsi imadalira nthawi ya chaka, mtundu wa ntchito, geography ndi zovuta za tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.Kuti muwone ngati mankhwala oletsa nyongolotsi omwe atulutsidwa nthawi yayitali ndi oyenera opareshoni yanu, lankhulani ndi veterinarian wanu ndikuganizira zotsatirazi.

Zosankha zaposachedwa za antiwormer

Pali magulu awiri, kapena magulu, a mankhwala osokoneza bongo pamsika:

  1. Benzimidazoles(oral dewormers).Oral dewormers amasokoneza ma microtubules a tiziromboti, zomwe zimachepetsa mphamvu zamagetsi ndikupangitsa kufa kwa tizilombo.Zopangira zazifupizi ndizothandiza kwambiri polimbana ndi nyongolotsi zazikulu ndi zinamkatitizilombo toyambitsa matenda koma tili ndi mphamvu zochepa zotsalira.
  2. Macrocyclic lactones.Zosakaniza zomwe zimagwira mkati mwa mankhwalawa zimachititsa kuti minyewa iwonongekemkati ndi kunjatiziromboti.Macrocyclic lactones amapereka ulamuliro wautali wa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda poyerekeza ndi benzimidazole. Ma dewormers awa amapezeka mukuthira-pa, jekesenindikumasulidwa kowonjezerekazopanga.
  • Zothira ndi jakisoni nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi ntchito yotsalira paliponse kuyambira masiku mpaka milungu ingapo.
  • Mankhwala opha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda otalikirapo amaletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda mpaka masiku 150.

 

"Oral dewormers ndi kuthirira ndi abwino kwa malo odyetserako chakudya, komwe ng'ombe sizitenga mphutsi mobwerezabwereza," adatero David Shirbroun, DVM, Boehringer Ingelheim."M'magulu ang'ombe ndi ng'ombe omwe amadyetsedwa kwa nthawi yayitali, mankhwala ophera nyongolotsi omwe amatha masiku 150 amatha kukhala omveka bwino kwa opanga.

Dr. Shirbroun anapitiriza kunena kuti: “Zinyama zazing’ono n’zimene zimagwidwa kwambiri ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndipo n’zosakayikitsa kuti zidzapindula kwambiri chifukwa cha kuletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kwa nthawi yaitali."Kuti mukwaniritse ntchito yofanana ndi yochotsa nyongolotsi yotulutsa nthawi yayitali, mungafunike kupereka mankhwala atatu a mankhwala ophera nyongolotsi wamba m'nyengo yoweta."

Sayansi kumbuyokumasulidwa kowonjezerekamankhwala ophera nyongolotsi

Ndiye, nchiyani chomwe chimapangitsa kuti mankhwala oletsa nyongolotsi azitulutsa nthawi yayitali nyengo yonse?Umu ndi momwe ukadaulo umagwirira ntchito:

  1. Pambuyo pa jekeseni yoyamba ya subcutaneous, mankhwalawa amafika pachimake kuti athetse tizilombo toyambitsa matenda nthawi yomweyo.
  2. Ukadaulo wotulutsidwa wowonjezera umathandizira kuti mankhwala otsalawo atsekeke mu matrix a gel.Matrix awa akupitirizabe kumasula dewormer pamwamba pa machiritso a nyama.
  3. Matrix amatha pafupifupi masiku 70 mpaka 100 atalandira chithandizo choyamba ndikutulutsanso nsonga yachiwiri.Pambuyo pa masiku 150, mankhwalawa amachotsedwa m'thupi.

Dr. Shirbroun anati: "Pakhala pali nkhawa kuti mankhwala oletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amatha kutulutsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda mofulumira kuposa mankhwala oletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.""Komabe, chinthu chomwe chimagwira ntchito chimachotsedwa m'thupi mofanana ndi momwe amathira ndi mankhwala ophera jekeseni pamsika.Sichitsika pang'onopang'ono pochiza, zomwe ndizomwe zingapangitse kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tiyambe msanga. "

Pofuna kuthana ndi kukana, Dr. Shirbroun akukulimbikitsani kulankhula ndi veterinarian wanu za refugia.Refugia (yomwe chiwerengero cha ng'ombe sichikhala ndi mankhwala ophera mphutsi) chimazindikiridwa ngati chimodzi mwa zinthu zofunika kwambiri pochedwetsa kuyambika kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.Kusiya gawo la tizilombo toyambitsa matenda "pothawira" kuchokera kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kumachepetsa kukakamizidwa kwa kusankha mankhwala osakanizidwa ndi mankhwala ophera nyongolotsi.

 

Kuyesa mankhwala oletsa nyongolotsi otalikirapo 

Rob Gill, manejala wa ntchito zisanu ndi zitatu zochitira ana a ng'ombe komanso malo odyetserako nyama 11,000 omwe amapezeka ku Wyoming ndi madera ozungulira, adaganiza zoyesa mankhwala oletsa njoka zamphongo kwa nthawi yayitali.

Iye anati: “Tinathandiza gulu limodzi la ng’ombe zothira madzi ndi kuthira, ndipo gulu lina linalandira mankhwala oletsa mphutsi kwa nthawi yaitali.Ng'ombe zamphongo zomwe zidalandira mankhwala oletsa nyongolotsi otalikirapo zinali zolemera mapaundi 32 kuchokera ku udzu m'dzinja.

Gill adanena kuti ngakhale opanga angakhale okayikira za kugulitsa koyamba kwa mankhwala oletsa mphutsi kwautali, pali phindu lalikulu pakati pa kuchepetsa kupsinjika maganizo ndikuwonjezera kulemera.

“Timasamalira ng’ombe zisanapite ku msipu, ndipo sitiyenera kuzigwiranso mpaka zitalowa m’malo odyetserako ziweto,” anawonjezera motero."Chiwopsezo cha nyongolotsi ndichofunika kuti tigwiritse ntchito ndalama zathu chifukwa chimateteza tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ku msipu, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti munthu azinenepa kwambiri zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale chakudya chokwanira."

Tmalangizo awa kwa aliyensemankhwala dewormingndi program 

Ziribe kanthu mtundu wa mankhwala omwe mungasankhe, katswiri akukulimbikitsani kutsatira izi kuti mupindule ndi mankhwala ophera nyongolotsi anu:

1. Gwiritsani ntchito matendakuyesa kuchuluka kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso mphamvu ya mankhwala.Akuyesa kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa dzira la chimbudzi,kapena FECRT,ndi yokhazikika diagnostic chida kuti akhoza kuwunika mphamvu ya mankhwala anu deworming.Kawirikawiri, kuchepetsa 90% kapena kuposerapo kwa dzira la dzira kumasonyeza kuti dewormer wanu akuchita momwe akuyenera kuchitira.AcoprocultureZingathandize kupeza mitundu ya tizilombo tomwe timapezeka kwambiri m'gulu la ziweto, kotero mutha kugwiritsa ntchito njira yolimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

2. Werengani mozama zalebuloonetsetsani kuti imapereka chitetezo chomwe ng'ombe zanu zimafuna.Gulu lirilonse la owononga tizilombo lili ndi mphamvu ndi zofooka zake, ndipo magulu ena amakhala othandiza kwambiri polimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.Poyesa zoyezetsa nthawi zonse ndikuyang'anitsitsa zolemba zamalonda, mutha kudziwa momwe wothira nyongolotsi aliyense azitha kuwongolera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda m'gulu lanu.

Zimakhalanso zovuta kwa wothira nyongolotsi kuti agwire ntchito yake ngati sanapatsidwe moyenera.Werengani chizindikirocho kuti mutsimikize kuti katunduyo wasungidwa bwino, mlingo womwe mukupereka ndi wolondola pa kulemera kwa nyama yomwe mukuchiza, ndipo zida zanu zikugwira ntchito bwino musanachize nyama.

3. Gwirani ntchito ndi veterinarian wanu.Mkhalidwe wa wopanga aliyense ndi wapadera;ng'ombe ziwiri sizifanana, ndi katundu wawo safanana.Ndicho chifukwa chake kukaonana ndi veterinarian wanu n'kofunika kwambiri.Atha kukuthandizani kuwunika zosowa za opareshoni yanu ndikupangira njira yothana ndi nyongolotsi ndi mankhwala potengera zomwe mwapeza.Nyengo yanu yodyetserako msipu, zaka ndi mtundu wa ziweto zanu komanso mbiri yoweta msipu zonsezo ndi mfundo zoti mukambirane.

ZINTHU ZOFUNIKA KWAMBIRI ZABWINO KWAMBIRI:Osapereka chithandizo mkati mwa masiku 48 mutapha.Osagwiritsidwa ntchito pa ng'ombe zazikazi zamkaka zakubadwa za miyezi 20 kapena kuposerapo, kuphatikiza ng'ombe za mkaka zouma, kapena ana a ng'ombe.Kuwonongeka kwa malo pambuyo pobaya (mwachitsanzo, granulomas, necrosis) kumatha kuchitika.Zochitazi zatha popanda chithandizo.Osagwiritsidwa ntchito poweta ng'ombe, kapena ana a ng'ombe osakwana miyezi itatu.Osagwiritsidwa ntchito poweta ng'ombe m'malo odyetserako ziweto kapena m'malo odyetserako ziweto mosinthasintha.


Nthawi yotumiza: Mar-21-2022